Teacher Incentive for Public Schools
TIPS separate the
budgeting process from barriers, identified as obstructions to
academic achievement, and the budgeting of operational and capital
expenditures. In this process, funding for the removal of barriers
takes priority. These obstructions are funded first. One example is
the return of fees paid for AP classes and the Cambridge Program.
The failure to fully fund these two programs presents an
obstruction, barrier, to the successful completion of a high school
diploma for students identified as advanced.
A second example
is the schedule of cost-of-living pay increases, increase of income,
for all qualified school personnel and support services employees.
TIPS PROCESS TEAM
The TIPS process
is based on the successful selection of individuals for the TIPS
Process Team. The TIPS Process Team identifies barriers and proposes
solutions to those barriers. The team is selected by the
superintendent of schools and is composed of members of the
community who have a direct interest in the success of every
The members of the
TIPS Process Team are selected by the superintendent of schools.
These members are composed of: parents, caregivers, teachers,
principals, administrative staff, and individuals in the community.
The suggested number of the TIPS Process Team is nine. These
individuals are paid for their work.
Members select one individual who will act as the Process Advisor in
that this individual will setup scheduled meetings and confirm the
barriers identified based on accepted statistical analysis.
The TIPS process
should take a minimum of six months. This is the period to identify
barriers and propose solutions to those barriers in addition to
confirming the barriers identified.
The proposal to be
submitted to the superintendent is also included in this time frame.
research has identified barriers to academic achievement but these
barriers vary based on the location of the individual school
systems. For example: schools located in the inner city area of
Shelby County, Memphis, Tennessee, have different barriers than
schools located in the rural area of Wilson County, Lebanon,
have been identified include:
Bullying / mobbing
differences – religious and political
Family – household
size and household makeup (single parent)
Equal access to
electronics – internet access
affordable housing creating a mobility of students and families
– low income
differences – (English as a Second Language) ESL
Nutrition – free
breakfast, free lunch, and free meals provided during the summer
Parental and caregiver
Reading material –
availability of age appropriate reading material
School security –
School Resource Officer (SRO)
have been attributed to a low achievement level in the areas of
mathematics and reading levels. High achievement levels in the areas
of mathematics and reading ability have been linked to academic
success in all grade levels in public schools.
SIZE AS A BARRIER TO ACADEMIC SUCCESS
Nashville teachers have identified one barrier to academic success
as related to the number of students, classroom size, they are
required to instruct. In this example, the ideal number of students
in a classroom is 18.
The teachers feel
they can adequately maintain the rigorous schedule of instruction
with 18 students and provide additional instruction to those
students who require individualized instruction to obtain the
required academic success for their age and grade level.
To confirm the
ideal classroom size, teachers in Metropolitan Nashville public
schools are surveyed on this question. The result of the survey
indicates the majority of Metropolitan teachers agree the ideal
number of students in a classroom, Davidson County public schools,
An overview of
available academic research indicates the size of a classroom
affects the academic achievement of students. In this example,
classroom size has a detrimental effect on individual and group
performance as scores in mathematics and reading levels decrease
with the increase of students in a classroom.
In addition, the
survey also requested a possible solution. The survey results
indicate a majority of Metropolitan teachers suggest they receive an
assistant for classroom sizes which exceed the number of students at
One proposed solution to an oversized classroom is
the addition of an educational assistant to a teacher whose
classroom size exceeds 18. The educational assistant is a part-time
The proposed solution includes a partnership with
local colleges and universities which offer teacher certification.
It is proposed students, who are in a teaching program, are selected
for these positions. In addition to receiving income, the
educational assistant receives college credit. The position is
similar to being an assistant teacher.
The incentive to the teacher is a proposed increase
in salary of $100.00 per month.
TIPS PROCESS GROUP
Hourly rate of pay
per member - $10.00
Weekly meeting – 4
Total meetings –
Cost of TIPS
Process Group - $ 8, 640.00
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